Sunday, December 3, 2017

Canadá propone un capítulo "innovador" del TLCAN sobre derechos indígenas



El borrador menciona la Declaración sobre los Derechos de los Pueblos Indígenas (DDPI), protección del conocimiento indígena tradicional 

Por Jorge Barrera, CBC News Puesto: Dec 01, 2017 5:00 PM ETÚltima actualización: Dec 01, 2017 5:00 PM ET\


Kenneth Deer habla en nombre del Consejo de Jefes de la Nación Oneida y la Asociación Mundial Indígena en el Foro Permanente de las Naciones Unidas sobre Cuestiones Indígenas en la Conferencia Mundial de las Naciones Unidas sobre Pueblos Indígenas en 2014. (Foro Mundial de las Naciones Unidas sobre Cuestiones Indígenas / Facebook)

Negociadores canadienses están presionando para insertar un capítulo "innovador" sobre los derechos Indígenas en el Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte, de acuerdo con un representante de la Confederación Haudenosaunee que ha sido informado sobre las conversaciones.

Kenneth Deer, representante de relaciones exteriores de la confederación, dijo que los negociadores Canadienses pospusieron recientemente un borrador del capítulo sobre Comercio y Pueblos Indígenas que incluye lenguaje haciendo referencia a la Declaración de las Naciones Unidas sobre los Derechos de los Pueblos Indígenas y la protección del conocimiento tradicional Indígena.

Deer, quien tiene amplia experiencia internacional representando a la confederación, también dijo que el borrador incluye mención de la creación de un comité sobre comercio y Pueblos Indígenas con representantes de Canadá, los Estados Unidos y México.

"No es una iniciativa de México o Estados Unidos, es una iniciativa de Canadá para involucrarse positivamente y en defensa de los Pueblos Indígenas", dijo Deer, cuya confederación representa a seis naciones Iroquois en ambos lados de la frontera entre Canadá y Estados Unidos.

"De esa manera es innovadora ... Veremos cómo va".

Deer dijo que los negociadores Mexicanos fueron "optimistas y elogiosos sobre el texto", mientras que los negociadores estadounidenses le dieron una recepción mucho más fría. Dijo que México tenía algunas preguntas sobre el conocimiento tradicional, pero que apoyaba las secciones sobre salud, educación y desarrollo económico. 



Las banderas nacionales que representan a Canadá, México y los Estados Unidos están iluminadas por luces del escenario en las negociaciones del Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte en la Ciudad de México el 5 de septiembre (Presa Canadiense)

Todavía no está claro si el TLCAN sobrevivirá a las negociaciones actuales como resultado de la posición inicial de los Estados Unidos de que el acuerdo comercial es un mal acuerdo. Deer dijo que cree que el capítulo propuesto creará un modelo para otros acuerdos, incluso si el TLCAN falla.

El vocero de Global Affairs Canada, John Babcock, dijo que los negociadores pospusieron el capítulo durante la quinta ronda de conversaciones sobre el TLCAN. Dijo que el deseo de Ottawa de hacer que el TLCAN sea más "inclusivo" impulsó la decisión de proponer el capítulo.

"El gobierno espera continuar nuestro diálogo con los Pueblos Indígenas y las empresas Indígenas sobre cómo un TLCAN modernizado puede abordar mejor sus preocupaciones y respaldar su capacidad de beneficiarse del comercio del TLCAN", dijo Babcock en un comunicado.

Deer dijo que los funcionarios canadienses han lanzado una amplia red en la búsqueda de la opinión Indígena sobre las conversaciones en curso del TLCAN. Dijo que era "relativamente nuevo" que el gobierno Canadiense participará con la Confederación Haudenosaunee, el gobierno tradicional de los Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca y Tuscarora.

"No estoy acostumbrado a que Canadá me invite a una discusión", dijo Deer.

"Estamos siendo cautelosos, pero alentados por esto. Siempre estaremos en vigilancia para proteger los derechos de los Pueblos Indígenas".

Capítulo del TLCAN 'escaparate'

Nicole Schabus, vocera de la Red Indígena de Economías y Comercio, que ha presentado anteriormente sobre la disputa de la madera blanda, dijo que el capítulo propuesto del TLCAN es simplemente "escaparatismo" al menos que reconozca los derechos Indígenas sobre las tierras y los recursos.

"Sabemos que el TLCAN no hace eso", dijo Schabus.

"Lo que hace es priorizar el acceso corporativo a tierras y recursos Indígenas".

El Jefe Nacional de la Asamblea de las Primeras Naciones, Perry Bellegarde, es también un asesor a Ottawa en las conversaciones sobre el TLCAN. El recientemente obtuvo el respaldo del Congreso Nacional de Indios Americanos para la inclusión de un capítulo sobre Pueblos Indígenas.

La APN dijo que Bellegarde no estaba disponible para hacer comentarios porque está de viaje.

No está claro qué papel están jugando, si alguno, los Nativos Americanos en el desarrollo del posicionamiento de los EE. UU. sobre el TLCAN. El CNIA no respondió a una solicitud de comentarios.

Pueblos Indígenas en México excluidos

Mario Luna, un representante del Congreso Nacional Indígena, una organización que representa a 58 naciones y comunidades Indígenas en México, dijo que el gobierno mexicano no ha hecho ningún intento de recabar su opinión sobre las conversaciones del TLCAN.

"Esta es la primera vez que escucho acerca de estos temas y lo he estado preguntando", dijo Luna.

"Lo están haciendo en secreto".



María de Jesús Patricio Martínez, conocida como MariChuy, centro, es candidata presidencial por el Congreso Nacional Indígena. Muchos de los indígenas empobrecidos y sin voz de México ven a Patricio como una forma de afirmar su propia voz en la política. (Rebecca Blackwell / Associated Press)

Luna dijo que tiene confianza en que los representantes Indígenas de Canadá trabajarán para proteger los derechos de los Indígenas.

"Pero no podemos dejarlo en manos de otros. Es necesario que nos informemos sobre lo que está sucediendo," dijo.

"Puede que tengamos que irnos de México para hacerlo".

Luna dijo que el gobierno mexicano generalmente excluye a los Pueblos Indígenas de cualquier decisión y a menudo pasa por alto los derechos al otorgar derechos mineros y aprobar proyectos en territorio Indígena sin ninguna consulta.

Para contrarrestar esto, la organización está respaldando a una mujer Indígena, María de Jesús Patricio.

Martínez, como candidata independiente en las elecciones presidenciales de 2018. Dijo que necesitan un millón de firmas para ponerla en la boleta. Hasta el momento, tienen cerca de 70,000 firmas con la fecha límite del 19 de Febrero acercándose.

"Creo que podremos llegar allí," dijo. "A pesar de estos obstáculos".

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Tuesday, November 28, 2017

The Gorsuch Gambit: Colonization disguised as Development


The Gorsuch Gambit: Colonization disguised as Development Andrew Jackson he is not, and Gorsuch is not Chief Justice John Marshall but Trump-Jackson and Marshall-Gorsuch are four points of continuity that describe the "White Supremacy" project of European American colonization of the continent under the "nefarious" Doctrine of Discovery of Christendom begun with the invasion of Abya Yala at the onset of World War I on October 12, 1492.

Marshall delivered the bastardized concept of the Divine Right of Kings to the waiting arms of the new American Empire in territorial expansion via the MARSHALL TRILOGY (1823), writ large later the same year as the MONROE DOCTRINE and now Gorsuch had been strategically positioned within the US Supreme Court to finalize the project of the utter annihilation of the STILL STANDING ORIGINAL NATIONS of Indigenous Peoples of the Great Turtle Island Abya Yala.


Abya Yala
Q: Why did the Koch brothers invest tens of millions of dollars to prep the political process to insure that Gorsuch would be the SCOTUS nominee, regardless of whether it was to be Trump, Rubio, Bush or any other right wing fool who would simply be the instrument for packing the Supreme Court for further nefarious legaloid assaults on the extra-constitional Human Rights and Territorial Rights of Indigenous Peoples?

The scene: Down the road, around the bend, away from public scrutiny and hidden in plain site from the critical consciousness of the "Movement" the privatization of public lands will end up at the SCOTUS. State lands, federal lands will be opened up for expropriation and exploitation by private corporate pirates.

In this scenario, the reservation lands established under the US Commerce Clause as subdivisions of the US body politic will be the dessert for the Trump orgy, but in order to provide the perfume of legitimacy, the US Federally Recognized Tribal Council system of internalized colonization must be brought to effect, in the form of "Tribal Leaders" who will sign off on the Death Warrant for the Right of Self Determination for the Future Generations of Original Nations of Indigenous Peoples.
To be continued.....

Tuesday, November 21, 2017

UN Special Rapporteur: Mexico is a colonial state

A growing climate of violence and impunity in Mexico

Fernando Camacho Servin

Sunday December 19, 2017 p. 10

No different from the colonial system, says UN rapporteur: Indigenous peoples face an economic model based on dispossession

The indigenous peoples in Mexico and in other parts of the world face an economic model based on the dispossession and forced occupation of their territories, with the objective that their natural resources serve as a basis for a development model that does not benefit them, which is not very different from the colonial system that existed two or three centuries ago.

So stated the Special Rapporteur of the United Nations on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, who stressed that although the scheme is practically the same on a global scale, the indigenous communities of Mexico face a climate of violence and impunity even greater than that which exists in other regions.

After concluding her visit to Mexico, from November 8 to 17, in which she toured the states of Chiapas, Guerrero and Chihuahua, the consultant and activist of indigenous Filipino origin spoke with La Jornada about her findings and concerns, as well as about the way in which she believes that governments can repay the historical debt they have with the original communities.

-How do megaprojects affect Indigenous Peoples?

"The indigenous communities are rich in natural resources, such as forests, minerals or biodiversity, and governments see these resources as the basis of national economic development. So they go to the communities and extract what is there, but they do not help people to live in the way that seems right to them. They only leave the environmental destruction generated by the mines and the extraction of gas and oil, but without rehabilitating their lands and waters.

Of course, indigenous peoples want at least to be consulted and there must be a negotiation. Yet when they resist, that is where the violence occurs, because the military or the security guards of the companies treat them in the worst way and even displace them from their lands without receiving compensation or a decent place where they can be relocated.

If the authorities would listen, they would know that indigenous peoples are not against development, they just want to make sure that development brings them benefits, that they can protect their lands and territories, and continue to practice their traditional cultures."



- How would you describe what happens in Mexico, compared to what happens in other countries?

"In many ways, what happens here is similar to what happens in many countries that I have visited, in terms of the situation of Indigenous Peoples. What is quite unique are the high levels of impunity, as in the cases of massacres of which I have heard and which occur very frequently. That's something I have not seen in other countries.

The government admits that there are between 98 and 99 percent impunity, which tells me that the issue of impunity in Mexico disproportionately affects the Indigenous Peoples, because it is they who defend their lands and oppose the projects that the government considers priorities; so it is logical to conclude that it is they who are being imprisoned and criminalized."



-Do the Indigenous Peoples continue to face schemes of colonialism?

"Clearly! The Pueblos Originarios of Mexico continue to face a lot of the colonial system because the thinking of the people who are in power is only to extract their resources, occupy their lands and get everything they can from them, and this is a form of internal colonialism, if not external."

- So is it basically the same as what happened two or three centuries ago?

"Yes, basically I think so, because the colonizers who wanted to extract everything and get rich are the same as the present elites, the rich who do business in the private sector, extract what they can from the communities without their consent and give nothing in return."



- What do you think about the difference between what is stated in the laws in Mexico and their application in reality?

"Mexico was international leader for the approval of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, and that is very good, but the fact that this is not reflected in the country is worrisome. There should be a special law that recognizes indigenous people as subjects of public law.

-How should the historical debt to the Indigenous Peoples be repaid?

"First of all, there must be acceptance that there is in reality a historical debt, and that acceptance may come in the form of an apology, an acknowledgment of the wrongs that have been committed, so that then there may be a dialogue with the Indigenous Peoples. It must be accepted that the current development model is the root of the conflicts, because the inequity of resources, power and wealth which prevails in many countries and this has to be confronted, even if that means less wealth and power for those who have always possessed them."
August 23, 1914



In this manner, aided by the complicity of the courts and even worse acts of the sort, such as false imprisonment or forced consignment into the military, the small landholders are robbed, and the great land barons have become sole owners of the entire country.  The Indigenous Peoples now disposed of their lands, have been forced to work on plantations for low wages and are forced to endure the extreme mistreatment of the landowners and their stewards or overseers, many of whom, being Spanish or the children of Spanish parents, consider that they are entitled to conduct themselves as if they live at the time of Hernán Cortés, in other words as if they were still the conquerors and masters, and that we the "peons" were mere slaves, subject to the brutal law of conquest.
 

UN Special Rapporteur: Mexico is a colonial state


Sunday December 19, 2017 p. 10


No different from the colonial system, says UN rapporteur: Indigenous peoples face an economic model based on dispossession

The indigenous peoples in Mexico and in other parts of the world face an economic model based on the dispossession and forced occupation of their territories, with the objective that their natural resources serve as a basis for a development model that does not benefit them, which is not very different from the colonial system that existed two or three centuries ago.

So stated the Special Rapporteur of the United Nations on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, who stressed that although the scheme is practically the same on a global scale, the indigenous communities of Mexico face a climate of violence and impunity even greater than that which exists in other regions.

After concluding her visit to Mexico, from November 8 to 17, in which she toured the states of Chiapas, Guerrero and Chihuahua, the consultant and activist of indigenous Filipino origin spoke with La Jornada about her findings and concerns, as well as about the way in which she believes that governments can repay the historical debt they have with the original communities.

-How do megaprojects affect Indigenous Peoples?

"The indigenous communities are rich in natural resources, such as forests, minerals or biodiversity, and governments see these resources as the basis of national economic development. So they go to the communities and extract what is there, but they do not help people to live in the way that seems right to them. They only leave the environmental destruction generated by the mines and the extraction of gas and oil, but without rehabilitating their lands and waters.

Of course, indigenous peoples want at least to be consulted and there must be a negotiation. Yet when they resist, that is where the violence occurs, because the military or the security guards of the companies treat them in the worst way and even displace them from their lands without receiving compensation or a decent place where they can be relocated.

If the authorities would listen, they would know that indigenous peoples are not against development, they just want to make sure that development brings them benefits, that they can protect their lands and territories, and continue to practice their traditional cultures."



- How would you describe what happens in Mexico, compared to what happens in other countries?

"In many ways, what happens here is similar to what happens in many countries that I have visited, in terms of the situation of Indigenous Peoples. What is quite unique are the high levels of impunity, as in the cases of massacres of which I have heard and which occur very frequently. That's something I have not seen in other countries.

The government admits that there are between 98 and 99 percent impunity, which tells me that the issue of impunity in Mexico disproportionately affects the Indigenous Peoples, because it is they who defend their lands and oppose the projects that the government considers priorities; so it is logical to conclude that it is they who are being imprisoned and criminalized."



-Do the Indigenous Peoples continue to face schemes of colonialism?

"Clearly! The Pueblos Originarios of Mexico continue to face a lot of the colonial system because the thinking of the people who are in power is only to extract their resources, occupy their lands and get everything they can from them, and this is a form of internal colonialism, if not external."

- So is it basically the same as what happened two or three centuries ago?

"Yes, basically I think so, because the colonizers who wanted to extract everything and get rich are the same as the present elites, the rich who do business in the private sector, extract what they can from the communities without their consent and give nothing in return."



- What do you think about the difference between what is stated in the laws in Mexico and their application in reality?

"Mexico was international leader for the approval of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, and that is very good, but the fact that this is not reflected in the country is worrisome. There should be a special law that recognizes indigenous people as subjects of public law.

-How should the historical debt to the Indigenous Peoples be repaid?

"First of all, there must be acceptance that there is in reality a historical debt, and that acceptance may come in the form of an apology, an acknowledgment of the wrongs that have been committed, so that then there may be a dialogue with the Indigenous Peoples. It must be accepted that the current development model is the root of the conflicts, because the inequity of resources, power and wealth which prevails in many countries and this has to be confronted, even if that means less wealth and power for those who have always possessed them."

TRANSLATION: TONATIERRA
 

Links:

End of mission Statement by the Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples on her mission to Mexico

*************
 Letter from Emiliano Zapata to Woodrow Wilson,
President of the United Sates
General Headquarters of Yautepec, Morelos August 23, 1914



In this manner, aided by the complicity of the courts and even worse acts of the sort, such as false imprisonment or forced consignment into the military, the small landholders are robbed, and the great land barons have become sole owners of the entire country.  The Indigenous Peoples now disposed of their lands, have been forced to work on plantations for low wages and are forced to endure the extreme mistreatment of the landowners and their stewards or overseers, many of whom, being Spanish or the children of Spanish parents, consider that they are entitled to conduct themselves as if they live at the time of Hernán Cortés, in other words as if they were still the conquerors and masters, and that we the "peons" were mere slaves, subject to the brutal law of conquest.